What Is Cocaine?

Cocaine is a potent drug made from the leaves of South America’s coca plant. According to Cocaine Rehab Centers, it usually looks like a fine white powder and goes by many different street names. A few of the most common names for cocaine include:

  • Crack
  • Blow
  • Bump
  • Nose Candy
  • Bernice
  • Dust
  • Coke
  • Flake
  • Line
  • Rail
  • Rock
  • Sneeze
  • Sniff
  • Snow
  • Schneef
  • Snow White
  • Toot
  • Yayo
  • White

Cocaine use is almost always depicted as snorting the white powder into the nose in the media. While it’s true this is a common way to use the drug, there are other ways people use it. For example, the powder can be melted into water and injected into the veins using a needle. It can also be rubbed on the gums or swallowed. When cocaine has been turned into crack (a crystalline rock substance), it can also be smoked.

If you or a loved one is battling drug or alcohol abuse, you don’t have to make the journey to sobriety alone. Addiction treatment options are available to help make your recovery journey easier and more likely to succeed. Treatment programs for cocaine can help with your substance abuse and identify and manage any co-occurring disorders.

Read on to learn more about this substance abuse and how our cocaine rehab in Arizona can help you overcome addiction.

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Why Is Cocaine Addictive?

Most drug addiction happens after several uses of a substance, and cocaine is no exception. The first few times a person uses cocaine, it’s of their own free will. They’re likely chasing the energy and euphoria caused by this drug, which may help alleviate symptoms of co-occurring problems. However, with regular use, cocaine changes the neurons in the brain.

When the neurons change at the start of a substance use disorder, they help the body develop tolerances to these substances. This means more cocaine is needed to produce the same effects your body and mind crave, so higher doses of cocaine are taken, increasing dependence. Higher doses not only lead to greater cocaine dependence but also contribute to overdose deaths.

Historical Arizona data shows almost 20% of the state’s population uses at least one illicit substance each year. Nationwide, around five million people use cocaine specifically each year.

Signs and Symptoms of Cocaine Addiction

The most obvious sign of drug and alcohol addiction is an intense craving for a particular substance. However, there are numerous other signs and symptoms of cocaine addiction that can be different for everyone. If a person uses cocaine alongside other forms of substance abuse or uses it to treat co-occurring mental health problems, the symptoms may look very different.

A few of the most common signs a person needs substance abuse treatment for cocaine addiction include:

  • Dilated pupils
  • Long periods of wakefulness or insomnia
  • Loss of appetite, which may cause unexpected and dramatic weight loss
  • Feeling overly confident or excited
  • Paranoia or anxiety
  • Frequently runny or red nose
  • White powder noticed around the nostrils
  • Frequent nosebleeds or otherwise apparent damage to the nose
  • Track marks or long markings along veins (if cocaine is used intravenously)
  • Financial problems (such as always asking for money or falling behind on bills)
  • Intense and noticeable mood swings
  • Depression, irritability or self-harm attempts

Those addicted to cocaine may also have regular legal troubles. These issues with law enforcement may go beyond arrests for possession of cocaine. Since cocaine drug abuse can cause irrational behavior, addicts may also be arrested for disorderly conduct, resisting arrest and similar offenses.

Cocaine Rehab and Addiction Treatment

Our addiction treatment center offers personalized drug rehab programs for each person. However, all addiction recovery programs suggest starting with a drug detox to help get all traces of cocaine out of a person’s system. Although many people think they can detox at home, it’s best to do it at a treatment facility so you have access to medical professionals if necessary.

During detox, you’ll experience withdrawal symptoms. These symptoms are the reason why detox is mostly incorporated in inpatient rehab programs. Symptoms will vary from one person to the next and range from mildly uncomfortable to severe. A few of the most common cocaine withdrawal symptoms include:

  • Difficulty concentrating
  • Slowed mental and physical abilities
  • Excessive fatigue and oversleeping
  • Depression, with or without suicidal thoughts or attempts
  • Anxiety, irritability and restlessness
  • Vivid nightmares
  • Chills, tremors, twitches and other forms of muscle spasms
  • Cold sweats
  • Increased appetite, which may result in weight gain
  • Intense craving for cocaine or the associated euphoria of use

Professional Addiction Treatment Programs After Detox

Detox is only the first step towards a sober, healthier life. Once all traces of cocaine have left your system, two drug addiction treatment options are available: medication-assisted treatment and therapy-based options. Often, drug rehab will include both options. Personalized treatment is key to permanently overcoming substance use disorders.

Most patients will benefit from an inpatient treatment program, where you’ll temporarily live at our rehab center. Drug addiction treatment plans may include treatment for mental health conditions, counseling services and evidence-based therapies. Once you’ve completed an intensive treatment program using inpatient services, you’ll probably participate in a personalized intensive outpatient program. Ongoing support during your recovery is crucial in overcoming substance use.

Our drug and alcohol rehab center in Arizona is designed to treat the whole person, not just their addiction. We pride ourselves on creating a calming atmosphere that allows you to focus on your rehab without any external stress or responsibilities. We provide ongoing support and relaxing activities during the most challenging part of your recovery so you have the tools necessary for long-term success.